Destroying nerve and mustard agents
The Blue Grass Chemical Agent-Destruction Pilot Plant will destroy 523 tons of nerve and mustard agent within 100,000 M55 rockets and artillery projectiles stored at the Blue Grass Army Depot in Kentucky.
The U.S. Department of Defense chose Bechtel Parsons Blue Grass, a joint venture of Bechtel National and Parsons Government Services, to design, build, systematize, test, operate, and close the facility.
For more information visit the Bechtel Parsons Blue Grass website.
What are chemical weapons?
Contrary to popular belief, these chemicals are not gases. In their original form, they are liquids. When stored for a long period of time, they can become thick and sludge-like. Destroying chemical weapons benefits everyone with greater safety and security—physical as well as environmental—and puts an end to costs associated with managing the stockpile over the long haul.
How the weapons are destroyed.
First comes neutralization. Specialists operating sophisticated machinery disassemble munitions and extract the chemical agent and “energetics,” or explosives. Using either caustic or water hydrolysis, the team chemically decomposes and neutralizes both agent and energetic compounds, rendering them as hydrolysates.
Next, we destroy the agent hydrolysate and the energetics hydrolysate using supercritical water oxidation, which subjects them to very high temperature and pressure. This process breaks down the agent compounds into carbon dioxide, water, and salts.
What happens when the weapons are destroyed?
The areas of the facility that have come in contact with a chemical agent will be decontaminated and the equipment dismantled. The disposition of the remainder of the facility has not yet been determined and will be negotiated by representatives of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, the Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment program, and Blue Grass Army Depot.
Bechtel has tackled four chemical demilitarization projects at U.S. military sites
- Blue Grass Chemical Agent-Destruction Pilot Plant, Kentucky (ongoing)
- Pueblo Chemical Agent-Destruction Pilot Plant, Colorado (ongoing)
- Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Facility, Alabama (completed)
- Aberdeen Chemical Agent Disposal Facility, Maryland (completed)
Construction of the neutralization facility at Aberdeen—the first such project—had just passed the halfway mark when America suffered the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Mindful that unused chemical weapons might be a terrorist target, the U.S. Army asked Bechtel to accelerate the chemical demilitarization program. The project team managed to finish eliminating the mustard agent at Aberdeen a year ahead of schedule.