Bechtel's second liquefied natural gas project on the West Coast of Africa is helping turn the continent into a major source of energy.
The plant, located in Angola on the Congo River delta, will have the capacity to produce 5.2 million metric tons per year of LNG—natural gas cooled to minus 160 degrees Celsius. At that temperature, natural gas becomes a liquid that occupies one six-hundredth the volume of gas, so it can be transported safely and economically by sea. The LNG from Angola will be exported primarily to a regasification terminal in Mississipi.
The plant will feature technology developed by ConocoPhillips, which Bechtel has used in a string of LNG plants, including the facility completed in Equatorial Guinea in 2007.
In Angola, Bechtel is performing engineering, procurement, and construction on the onshore portion of a broad $8 billion gas program that also includes floating production storage and operations vessels, pipelines to the LNG plant, and LNG tankers. In addition to LNG, the project will produce liquefied petroleum gas such as propane and butane; condensate; and domestic pipeline gas.
Angola, the second-largest oil producer in sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria, is one of the world’s fastest-growing economies due to an ongoing boom that led to the nation’s decision to join OPEC in 2007. With expansion of the liquefied natural gas industry, a second energy-driven boom has begun.